Almost a century passed since the first mention of Ulala in history when the first battles of the civil war were finished. The Soviet government was established here in December 1919, and in summer 1922 Ulala became the regional capital of the Oyrot autonomous region. It started developing rapidly and in 1928 it was called a city; the next 20 years it will change its name twice: in 1932 Ulala became Oyrot-Tura, in 1948 when the republic was named Mountain Altai the city became Gorno-Altaysk. In 70-80s a plant of reinforced concrete structures was working at its best transforming the city into a working capital in 1992. Now about 63 thousand people live there.
If you climb the Komsomolskaya mountain at the southern edge of the city, or mountain Tugaya on the north you will understand why Gorno-Altaysk is called the greenest in Russia. The gardens and parks take about one-third of its territory, while the forest occupies around a half of it. It is interesting that different parts of the city have different microclimates – direction and speed of the wind, rains and snows and the temperature. Therefore, the harvests differ in every part of Gorno-Altaysk too.